Inventory of Lactobacteria in the Legume Seeds and Separate their Toxins

Authors

  • Nawara Ali Mohamed Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, Omar Al-Mukhtar University, Al-Bayda, Libya
  • Nawara Ali Mohamed Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, Omar Al-Mukhtar University, Al-Bayda, Libya
  • Najwa Abdel Sattar Ibrahim Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, Omar Al-Mukhtar University, Al-Bayda, Libya

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.54172/mjsc.v28i2.163

Keywords:

leguminous, seed borne fungi, Survey, aflatoxins

Abstract

The aim of this study was to isolate the fungi borne on the seeds of some legumes and to extract their toxins. Six types of dried legume seeds were collected from the local market (Benghazi to Tobrok) in the such as: white bean, chickpea, faba beans, pea, black eyed pea, lentil, The results showed that there were differences among the areas of study and that there were significant differences between the seeds. The highest presences of fungi was found on the white bean especially in Benghazi and Tobruk, where the percentage were 92% and 65%, respectively. The chickpea and pea did not exceed 30%, while faba bean recorded 25% and 27.5% in Benghazi and Tobruk, respectively. These results also showed that the lentil seeds were free of fungi.the seeds were carried fungi such as: Penicillium sp, Botrytis, Fusarium sp, Sclerotinia, Asperigullus flvus, Rhizopus sp, Alternaria sp. Asperigullus niger, Asperigullus sp, these fungi were isolated after incubation in dishes contained Agar medium at 25±5°C. The presence of aflatoxins was the highest in the seeds of chick pea followed by bean and faba bean seeds in Benghazi and Tobruk, respectively, no toxins were detected in pea, black eyed pea, and lentil seeds.

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Published

2013-12-31

How to Cite

Mohamed ن. ع. ., Mohamed ف. م. . ., & Ibrahim ن. ع. ا. . (2013). Inventory of Lactobacteria in the Legume Seeds and Separate their Toxins. Al-Mukhtar Journal of Sciences, 28(2), 127–136. https://doi.org/10.54172/mjsc.v28i2.163

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