Soil Science Education: Adaptation of Soil Judging (Evaluation) to Libya


  • Hamdi A. Zurqani University of Arkansas Agricultural Experiment Station, Arkansas Forest Resources Center, University of Arkansas at Monticello
  • Elena A. Mikhailova Department of Forestry and Environmental Conservation, Clemson University, SC, USA
  • Christopher J. Post Department of Forestry and Environmental Conservation, Clemson University, SC, USA
  • Mark A. Schlautman Department of Environmental Engineering and Earth Sciences, Clemson University, SC, USA
  • Julia L. Sharp Department of Statistics, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO, 80523, USA,
  • khalid B. Judour Department of Soil and Water, Zawia University, Libya
  • Abuabdall S. Sherif Department of Soil and Water Sciences, University of Tripoli, Libya



Africa, Aridisols, Entisols, Agriculture, Environment, Education, Farming, Land use


Adaptation of Soil Judging to Libya involves tailoring Soil Judging materials to the country's local context. The objectives of this study were to adapt Soil Judging to Libya and evaluate it in various locations in Libya. Different soil judging handbooks from the United States (US) were used to develop teaching materials for Libya (including tables of soil physical and chemical properties and scorecards). The soil judging scorecard was enhanced by adding more specific information relevant to Libya (e.g., soil salinity, calcium carbonate, etc.). Libyan users were asked to complete a survey on the usefulness of Soil Judging in Libya. Eighty-two percent of those surveyed were unaware of Soil Judging prior to this study. After completing Soil Judging trials in various locations in Libya, 95% of those surveyed indicated that Soil Judging is helpful in natural science education in Libya. Future improvements to Soil Judging should include better equipment and explanation.


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How to Cite

Zurqani, H. A., Mikhailova, E. A., Post, C. J., Schlautman, M. A., Sharp, J. L., Judour, khalid B., & Sherif, A. S. (2023). Soil Science Education: Adaptation of Soil Judging (Evaluation) to Libya. Al-Mukhtar Journal of Sciences, 38(1), 78–92.



Research Articles