Aqueous Extract of (Eruca sativa Mill) as Growth Stimulant in Enhancing Growth and Yield of Faba Bean (Vicia faba L)
Keywords:Vicia faba L, Eruca sativa Mill, Aqueous Extracts, Growth, Yield
A field study was conducted in the fall of 2019 to investigate the potential of Arugula (Eruca sativa Mill) aqueous extract as a growth stimulant in enhancing the growth and yield of Fa- ba Bean (Vicia faba L). The study was conducted using sandy soil at a farm in Abo Esaa town in a plot size of 3X5 m2 with a row spacing of 25cm,which based on a complete randomized design (RCD) with four replications, three treatments were carried out, including no foliar spray with E. sativa extracts (control) and foliar sprayed with 20% and 40% aqueous extracts of E. sativa. Ac- cordingly, Faba Bean (Vicia faba L) plants were foliar sprayed six times with the aqueous extracts of E. sativa at rates of 20 and 40% at vegetative and reproductive stages. The result showed that among these concentrations, the foliar spray of faba bean plants with 40% of E. sativa extracts po- tentially were increased all measured growth and yield traits. The results pointed out that plant height increased by 32%, number of branches by 73%, number of leaves by 95%, number of seeds plant by 89%, leaves, stems, pods and roots dry weight by 92%, 80%, 74%, and 89%, respectively. Thus, the study concluded that E. sativa aqueous extracts could potentially be used efficiently by crop producers as a growth enhancer for faba bean crops because of their productivity, great nutri- tive value, low cost, and environmentally friendly nature.
Abdalla, M. M. (2013). The potential of Moringa oleifera extract as a biostimulant in enhancing the growth, biochemical and hormonal contents in rocket (Eruca vesi-caria subsp. sativa) plants. International journal of plant physiology and biochem-istry, 5(3), 42-49. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5897/IJPPB2012.026
Abd El–Hamied, S. A., & El-Amary, E. I. (2015). Improving growth and productivi-ty of “pear” trees using some natural plants extracts under north sinai condi-tions. Journal of Agriculture and veteri-nary Science, 8(1), 1-9.
Ashraf, R., Sultana, B., Iqbal, M., & Mushtaq, M. (2016). Variation in biochemical and antioxidant attributes of Raphanus sativus in response to foliar application of plant leaf extracts as plant growth regula-tor. Journal of Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, 14(1), 1-8. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jgeb.2016.08.003
Barlas, N. T., Irget, M. E., & Tepecik, M. (2011). Mineral content of the rocket plant (Eruca sativa). African Journal of Biotech-nology, 10(64), 14080-14082. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5897/AJB11.2171
Bukhsh, E., Malik, S. A., & Ahmad, S. S. (2007). Estimation of nutritional value and trace elements content of Carthamus oxy-acantha, Eruca sativa and Plantago ovata. Pakistan Journal of Botany, 39(4), 1181.
Bulgari, R., Cocetta, G., Trivellini, A., Verni-eri, P., & Ferrante, A. (2015). Biostimu-lants and crop responses: a review. Bio-logical Agriculture & Horticulture, 31(1), 1-17. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/01448765.2014.964649
Cherif, C., Hassanat, F., Claveau, S., Girard, J., Gervais, R., & Benchaar, C. (2018). Faba bean (Vicia faba) inclusion in dairy cow diets: effect on nutrient digestion, ru-men fermentation, nitrogen utilization, me-thane production, and milk perfor-mance. Journal of dairy science, 101(10), 8916-8928. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.2018-14890
Crépon, K., Marget, P., Peyronnet, C., Carrou-ee, B., Arese, P., & Duc, G. (2010). Nu-tritional value of faba bean (Vicia faba L.) seeds for feed and food. Field Crops Re-search, 115(3), 329-339. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fcr.2009.09.016
Culver, M., Fanuel, T., & Chiteka, A. Z. (2012). Effect of Moringa extract on growth and yield of tomato. Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 2(5), 207-211.
El-Dabaa, M. A. T., Ahmed, S. A. E., Messiha, N. K., & El-Masry, R. R. (2019). The allelopathic efficiency of Eru-ca sativa seed powder in controlling Oro-banche crenata infected Vicia faba culti-vars. Bulletin of the National Research Centre, 43(1), 37. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/s42269-019-0079-9
Elzaawely, A. A., Ahmed, M. E., Maswada, H. F., & Xuan, T. D. (2017). Enhancing growth, yield, biochemical, and hormonal contents of snap bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) sprayed with moringa leaf extract. Ar-chives of Agronomy and Soil Science, 63(5), 687-699. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/03650340.2016.1234042
Emongor, V. E. (2015). Effects of moringa (Moringa oleifera) leaf extract on growth, yield and yield components of snap beans (Phaseolus vulgaris). British Journal of Applied Science & Technology, 6(2), 114. DOI: https://doi.org/10.9734/BJAST/2015/14795
Hassanein, R. A., Abdelkader, A. F., & Fara-mawy, H. M. (2019). Moringa leaf ex-tracts as biostimulants-inducing salinity tolerance in the sweet basil plant. Egyptian Journal of Botany, 59(2), 303-318.
Hong, N. H., Xuan, T. D., Eiji, T., & Khanh, T. D. (2004). Paddy weed control by higher plants from Southeast Asia. Crop Protection, 23(3), 255-261. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cropro.2003.08.008
Hoque, T. S., Rana, M. S., Zahan, S. A., Ja-han, I., & Abedin, M. A. (2020). Moringa leaf extract as a bio-stimulant on growth, yield and nutritional improvement in cab-bage. Asian Journal of Medical and Bio-logical Research, 6(2), 196-203. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3329/ajmbr.v6i2.48050
Khanh, T. D., Xuan, T. D., Hahn, S. J., & Chung, I. M. (2004). Methods to screen allelopathic accessions of wheat, barley, oat, sorghum and cucumber for weed con-trol. Allelopathy Journal, 14(2), 145-165.
Khan, A. U., Ullah, F., Khan, N., Mehmood, S., Fahad, S., Datta, R., Irshad, I., Danish, S., Saud, S., & Alaraidh, I. A. (2021). Production of Organic Fertilizers from Rocket Seed (Eruca Sativa L.), Chicken Peat and Moringa Oleifera Leaves for Growing Linseed under Water Deficit Stress. Sustainability, 13(1), 59. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/su13010059
Koubaa, M., Driss, D., Bouaziz, F., Ghorbel, R. E., & Chaabouni, S. E. (2015). Antiox-idant and antimicrobial activities of solvent extract obtained from rocket (Eruca sativa L.) flowers. Free Radicals & Antioxi-dants, 5(1). DOI: https://doi.org/10.5530/fra.2015.1.5
Macías, F. A., Chinchilla, N., Varela, R. M., & Molinillo, J. M. (2006). Bioactive steroids from Oryza sativa L. Steroids, 71(7), 603-608. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.steroids.2006.03.001
Odhiambo, K., Murungi, J., Wanjau, R., & Naumih, N. (2019). The Effect of Croton macrostachyus, Plectranthus barbatus Leaf Aqueous Extracts and Inorganic Fertilizers on Growth and Nutrients Concentration of Brassica oleracea L. in a Greenhouse at Nairobi. Asian Journal of Agricultural Ex-tension, Economics & Sociology. 29(3): 1-10. DOI: https://doi.org/10.9734/AJAEES/2019/46347
Phiri, C. (2010). Influence of Moringa oleifera leaf extracts on germination and early seedling development of major cere-als. Agriculture and Biology Journal of North America, 1(5), 774-777. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5251/abjna.2010.1.5.774.777
Posmyk, M. M., & Szafrańska, K. (2016). Bi-ostimulators: a new trend towards solving an old problem. Frontiers in plant sci-ence, 7, 748. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2016.00748
Sadiq, A., Hayat, M. Q., & Mall, S. M. (2014). Qualitative and quantitative deter-mination of secondary metabolites and an-tioxidant potential of Eruca sativa. Natural Products Chemistry & Research. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4172/2329-6836.1000137
Yakhin, O. I., Lubyanov, A. A., Yakhin, I. A., & Brown, P. H. (2017). Biostimulants in plant science: a global perspective. Fron-tiers in plant science, 7, 2049 DOI: https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2016.02049
How to Cite
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Copyright of the articles Published by Almukhtar Journal of Science (MJSc) is retained by the author(s), who grant MJSc a license to publish the article. Authors also grant any third party the right to use the article freely as long as its integrity is maintained and its original authors and cite MJSc as original publisher. Also they accept the article remains published by MJSc website (except in occasion of a retraction of the article).