Statistical analysis of the effect of machining parameters on the straightness error of high carbon steel turned components


  • Abdulmansaf A Bouzaid The Higher Institute for general Vocations, Derna, Libya
  • Farag A. M Alwahdi Department of Mechanical Engineering, Omar Almukhtar University ,Libya
  • and Ahmad K. B Almajri The Higher Institute for general Vocations, Derna, Libya



Cutting speed, Straightness error, Feed rate


The objective of the present work is to study the effect of machining parameters on the straightness error of cylindrical parts of high carbon steel (SAE 1095) having hardness 210 BH produced in a lathe machine. The considered turning parameters that affect the straightness error are cutting speed ,feed rate and depth of cut at three levels for each parameter with two replicates of different length by diameter ratio for instance there are 3x3x3x2= 54 specimens to be  machined. The straightness error are measured for each specimen and statistical analysis are carried out .The analysis of variance performed on the measured data shows that the cutting speed is the most significant factor affecting  straightness error, secondly  the feed rate and lastly the depth of cut. Also, the interaction cutting speed-depth of cut  and cutting speed-feed rate-depth of cut  affect the straightness error of the machined work piece too. The present work is provided with three dimensional surface graphs which show low straightness error at high cutting speed for each considered level of  feed rate and depth of cut.


Download data is not yet available.


Asilturk, I. (2011) On-line Surface Roughness Recognition System by Vibration Monitoring in CNC Turning Using Adaptive Neuro-fuzzy Inference System (ANFIS). International Journal of the Physical Sciences, 6, 22, 5353-5360.

Hayajneh, T., Montasser, M., Tahat, S. and Bluhm, T.B. (2007) A Study of the Effects of Machining Parameters on Surface Roughness in the End-Milling Process. Jordan Journal of mechanical and Industrial Engineering, 1, 1-5.

Kuzinovski, M., Trajčevski, N. and Cichosz, P. (2009) Investigation of Cutting Forces During Machining Process by High Speed Turning. Journal of Production Engineering, 12, 1, 29-32.

Miller, I. and Frennd, J.E. (1985) Probability and Statistics for Engineering. Probability_Hall inc. Englewood cliffs, 3rd Edition.

National Instruments (1999-2001) LabView 6.1 software.

Rafai, N.H. and Islam, M.N. (2010) Comparison of Dry and Flood Turning in Terms of Quality of Turned Parts. Proceedings of the World Congress on Engineering London,U.K, 3, 2044-2049.

Rico, I., Naranjo, A., Noriega, S., Martínez, E. and Vidal, L. (2010) Effect of Cutting Parameters on the Roundness of Cylindrical Bars Turned of 1018 Steel. International Conference on Industrial Engineering Theory, Applications and Practice, Mexico City, Mexico, 131-136.

Risa, A. (2011) Tool Life Performances, Wear Mechanisms and Surface Roughness Characteristics When Turning Austenised and Quenched AISI 5200 Bearing Steel With Ceramics and CBN/TiC Cutting Tools. Indian Journal of Engineering and Materials Sciences, 18, 2, 137-146.

Salles, J.L.C. and Gonçalves, M.T.T. (2003) Effects of Machining Parameters on Surface Quality of the Ultra High Molecular Weight Polyethylene (UHMWPE). Matéria, 8, 1, 1-10.

Shouman, M.A. and Bouzaeid, M. (2000) Design of an Experimental Approach for the Optimization of Some Form Errors. Alexandria Engineering journal, 39, 1, 51-63.

Talyrond 200, Annon (1984) Operators Handbook. Rank Taylor Hobson Ltd, 2nd edition.




How to Cite

Bouzaid, A. A., Alwahdi, F. A. M., & Almajri, and A. K. B. (2013). Statistical analysis of the effect of machining parameters on the straightness error of high carbon steel turned components . Al-Mukhtar Journal of Sciences, 28(2), 12–19.



Research Articles