Study on some hemato-biochemical changes associated with Babesia Bovine in cattle of El-Wisata -Libya
Keywords:Babesia Bovine, crossbred cattle, Haemato-biochemical Alterations
Bovine Babesiosis is a tick-borne disease of cattle caused by haemoparasite of the genus Babesia. This parasite is responsible for considerable losses due to mortality, weight loss, and reduction in milk besides the cost of treatments. This study aimed to study the effect of Babesia on some hematological and biochemical parameters on cattle in farms of El-Wisata in the El-Gabal El-Akhdar area. Twenty-three of crossbred cattle of 3-8 years old were examined. Giemsa stained thin blood smears from the ear vain of all 23 cases of crossbred cattle for microscopic examination to diagnose the parasite in the blood and divided the animals into two groups (7 non-infected group (30.5%) and 16 infested group (69.5%)), as well as two blood tubes (with EDTA) from the jugular vein of all cases were collected for hematological analysis and (without EDTA) for biochemical analysis. The results of the haemato-biochemical studies showed a significant reduction in the levels of RBC, PCV, Hb, MCH, MCV, TP, Ca+ and Na+ with a significant increase in WBC and K- levels in the crossbred cattle infected group. The infected cases marked the clinical-pathological symptoms like fever (41 C°), Anorexia, depression, weakness, pale mucous membrane, weight loss, hemoglobin urea, decrease in milk and death within a few days.
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