Prevalence of congenital heart disease among children in Aljabal Alkhdhar region, Libya: An Echocardiographic study
Keywords:Congenital heart disease, echocardiography, prevalence
Congenital heart diseases (CHD) are one of the most frequent malformations at birth. The aims of this study were to assess the prevalence of congenital heart disease, their different types, and their detection rate among children in Aljabal Alakhdar, Eastern part of Libya. The study was conducted during three-year period (September 2009- October 2012). The prevalence of CHD in Althawra Hospital Albaida was studied. The diagnosis of structural defects was based on echocardiographic study. Age groups from neonates till adolescent were included.In the study period, 342 children were found to have CHD; 299 patients were neonates and infants. Total prevalence of CHD over the study period was 8.9 per 1,000 live-born. The prevalence increased from 8.6 to 9.2 per 1,000 live births between 2009 and 2012. Isolated ventricular septal defect (34 %) was the most frequent non cyanotic anomaly, and Tetralogy of Fallot (3.5 %) was the most frequent cyanotic anomaly.The Prevalence rate of CHD in this region compare to the international standard is almost similar. Increasing incidence of CHD might be attributed to easier diagnosis with more regular and fixed dates of pediatrics cardiac clinic in the hospital in last few years or it may indicate a real increase in the defects, which might need further studies to know the possible causes.
Albaida city civil affair registry. (2010).
Bassili, A., S. A. Mokhtar, N. I. Dabous, S. R. Zaher, M. M. Mokhtar, A. Zaki. (2000). Congenital heart disease among school children in Alexandria, Egypt: an overview on prevalence and relative frequencies. Journal of Tropical Pediatrics, 46: 357-362. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/tropej/46.6.357
Begic, H., H. Tahirovic, S. Mesihovic, V. Ferkovic, N. Atic, A. Latifagic. (2003). Epidemiological and clinical aspects of congenital heart disease in children in Tuzla Canton, Bosnia-Herzegovina. European Journal of Pediatrics, 162: 191-193. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00431-002-1125-3
Aburawi, E. (2006). The burden of congenital heart disease in Libya. Libyan Journal of Medicine, 1: 120-122 DOI: https://doi.org/10.3402/ljm.v1i2.4670
Hoffman, J. I. E. (1995). Incidence of congenital heart disease: I Postnatal incidence. Pediatric Cardiology, 16: 103-113. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00801907
Franklin , R. C., R. H. Anderson, O. Daniels. (2002). Report of the Coding Committee of the Association for European Paediatric Cardiology. Cardiology in the Young, 12: 611-618. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/S1047951102001105
Mark, D., M. J. Strickland, T. Riehle, W. Mahle, A. Correa. (2008). Prevalence of Congenital Heart Defects in Metropolitan Atlanta, 1998–2005. The Journal of Pediatrics, 153: 807–813. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpeds.2008.05.059
Başpinar, O., S. Karaasalan, B. Oran, T. Baysal, A. M. Elmaci, A. Yorulmz. (2006). Prevalence and distribution of Children with congenital heart diseases in the central Anatolian region. The Turkish Journal of Pediatrics, 48: 237-243.
Robida, A., G. M. Folger, H. A. Hajar. (1997). Incidence of CHD in Qatari children. International Journal of Cardiology, 60: 19-22. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0167-5273(97)00067-3
Sani, M., M. Mukhtar, K. M. Karaye. (2007). Spectrum of Congenital Heart Disease in Tropical Environment, Nigeria. Journal of the National Medical Association, 99: 665-668.
Subramanyan, R., P. Venugopalan, A. Sapru, S. M. al Khusaiby. (2000). Incidence and Spectrum of congenital heart disease in Oman. Annals of Tropical Paediatrics, 20: 337-341. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/02724936.2000.11748155
Venugopalan, P., A. K. Agarwal, W. J. Johnston, E. Riveria. (2002). Spread of heart disease in An open-access paediatric echocardiography clinic. International Journal of Cardiology, 84: 211-216. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0167-5273(02)00147-X
How to Cite
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Copyright of the articles Published by Almukhtar Journal of Science (MJSc) is retained by the author(s), who grant MJSc a license to publish the article. Authors also grant any third party the right to use the article freely as long as its integrity is maintained and its original authors and cite MJSc as original publisher. Also they accept the article remains published by MJSc website (except in occasion of a retraction of the article).