Prevalence of Microalbuminuria Among Diabetic Male Patients Attending Bergan General Hospital / South of Libya

Authors

  • Mabroukah Mohamad Al-Zwayi Department of Medical Laboratories, Faculty of Engineering and Technical Sciences, Sebha Univer-sity, Brak A
  • Ahmed Hussein Suleiman Department of Medical Laboratories, Faculty of Engineering and Technical Sciences, Sebha Univer-sity, Brak A
  • Salah Masoud Omar Department of Medical Laboratories, Faculty of Engineering and Technical Sciences, Sebha Univer-sity, Brak A

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.54172/mjsc.v36i1.27

Keywords:

Diabetes, Kidney Failure, Diabetes Complications, Microalbumin, Creatinine in Blood and Urine

Abstract

Diabetes mellitus has become increasingly common worldwide, with many serious complications. Diabetic nephropathy is one such complication that affects the kidney and leads to end-stage renal failure worldwide. Microalbuminuria represents an abnormal elevation in urine albumin levels, which is an early marker of diabetic nephropathy. It is likely to be found in one-third or more of diabetic patients. Early recognition of microalbuminuria in diabetic nephropathy permits successful therapeutic intervention and significant postponement of terminal renal failure. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of microalbuminuria and the potential risk factors among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus who attended Bergin General Hospital-AL-Shati, Southern Libya, as a sign of diabetic nephropathy. 75 men were recruited for this study: 50 of them had type 2 diabetes, and 25 men were healthy and used as a control.  Morning fasting blood samples were collected from all of them to estimate the concentration of plasma glucose and creatinine, and first morning urine samples were collected for microalbinurea and creatinin estimation. The results show that 48% of the diabetic patients attending Bergin Hospital had Microalbuminuria, and 8% had Microalbuminuria. A positive correlation was found between the concentration of microalbumin and both duration of diabetes and the age of diabetic patients, r value was 0.32, 0.39, and the P-value = 0.034, 0.008, respectively. In addition, a positive correlation was found with the concentration of creatinine in both blood and urine where the value of r = 0.59, 0.313, and P-value = 0.000 and 0.033 respectively. In conclusion, about 48 % of diabetics in this study are at risk of developing kidney disease due to their high microalbumin level. Early diagnosis and monitoring of this condition could prevent nephropathy in this group of patients. Also, for 8 %, the risk is higher and gradually increases with the length of time they have diabetes.

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Published

2021-03-31

How to Cite

Al-Zwayi م. م., Suleiman أ. ح. ., & Omar ص. م. (2021). Prevalence of Microalbuminuria Among Diabetic Male Patients Attending Bergan General Hospital / South of Libya. Al-Mukhtar Journal of Sciences, 36(1), 98–105. https://doi.org/10.54172/mjsc.v36i1.27

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