Effect of climate factor on some physical soil properties at Al-Jabal Alakhdar, Libya

Authors

  • Ahmed Y. Habel Omar Al-Mukhtar University, Faculty of Agriculture, Soil and Water Department
  • Murad M. Aburas Omar Al-Mukhtar University, Faculty of Agriculture, Soil and Water Department
  • Sery F. Mohamed Omar Al-Mukhtar University, Faculty of Agriculture, Soil and Water Department

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.54172/mjsc.v34i3.282

Keywords:

Rainfall factor, temperature factor, soil texture, bulk density

Abstract

This study was carried out in the region of Al-Jabal Al-Akhdar, in the north-east of Libya, in order to monitor and evaluate the role and importance of the local climate, rainfall, and temperature on the development of soils differ in type, texture, physical, and chemical properties. The study areas were selected in the form of two parallel courses extending from the southern part of the region to the north, in order to represent the variance in the annual rainfall rates. A description of the topographic features was conducted according to the standard methods; surface soil samples were also collected for the purpose of laboratory tests. The study found that the lowest percentage of sand was in the Shahat area (16.0%), the largest in the Mukheli area (52.2%), while the clay percentage was the opposite of it, in which the lowest clay content was in Al-Mukhaili with only 20%. Silt percentage showed almost similar ratios according to the climatic regions. Correlation coefficient values confirmed that there was a significant inverse relationship, with a strong correlation coefficient of 0.94, between sand content and the mean annual rainfall, while this correlation was significantly positive for the clay content of approximately 0.95, this could confirm that rainfall rates were mainly responsible for increasing clay content. The organic content estimates for the study areas were also characterized by a significantly different coefficient of about 48% due to their correlation with the temperature levels and rainfall rates. The bulk density was shown to have a significant correlation coefficient with the sand content estimated at 0.99, so it can be said that the distribution of the bulk density values ​​was consistent with the distribution of the rainfall rates. Our conclusion that the differences in soil properties identified by this study could have direct and indirect effects on the productivity of those soils and the possibilities and opportunities for soil investment in the region of study.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

References

أحمد، حازم محمود.(2010). التوزيع الحجمي لدقائق الكاربونات في مفصولات بعض الترب الكلسية لشمال العراق. مجلة العلوم الزراعية العراقية،، 41 (5): 133 – 141

بن محمود، خالد رمضان.(1995). الترب الليبية (تكوينها – تصنيفها – خواصها – إمكانياتها الزراعية). الهيئة القومية للبحث العلمي. شارع الجمهورية، زاوية الدهماني. ليبيا

طريح، عبدالعزيز شرف.(1971). جغرافية ليبيا. منشأة المعارف بالإسكندرية. جمهورية مصر العربية.

كاظم،رعد جواد محمد، 2015: العلاقات الإحصائية لبعض الخصائص الفيزيائية ومحتواها العضوي. مجلة الكوفة للعلوم الزراعية ، المجلد السابع، العدد الأول: 220 -236

الموصللي، إحسان، 2013: دراسة بعض الصفات الفيزيائية لتربتين من منطقتي داريا وأبي جرش وتحديد العلاقة بين مكوناتهما. مجلة جامعة دمشق للعلوم الزراعية، المجلد (29)، العدد (1): 17-28

نوح، سعيد إدريس ,(2014). مناخ الجبل الأخضر. منشورات جامعة عمر المختار. البيضاء، ليبيا DOI: https://doi.org/10.21608/jartf.2014.122619

هابيل، أحمد وآخرون.(2015). تأثير كربونات الكالسيوم علي الكثافة الظاهرية لبعض الترب الليبية الجيرية بمنطقة الجبل الأخضر. مجلة المختار للعلوم، مجلد (30)، العدد (1): 40 – 50.

Basist, A., Bell, G. D., & Meentemeyer, V. (1994). Statistical relationships between topography and precipitation patterns. Journal of climate, 7(9), 1305-1315. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0442(1994)007<1305:SRBTAP>2.0.CO;2

Chaudhari, P. R., Ahire, D. V., Ahire, V. D., Chkravarty, M., & Maity, S. (2013). Soil bulk density as related to soil texture, organic matter content and available total nutrients of Coimbatore soil. International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, 3(2), 1-8.

Esu, I. E. (2010). Soil characterization, classification and survey: HEBN Publishers.

Gunal, H., Ersahin, S., Uz, B. Y., Budak, M., & Acir, N. (2011). Soil particle size distribution and solid fractal dimension as influenced by pretreatments. J. Agr. Sci, 17, 217-229. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1501/Tarimbil_0000001173

Jenny, H. (1941). Factors of soil formation. McGraw-Hill, New York. Factors of soil formation. McGraw-Hill, New York. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1097/00010694-194111000-00009

Jenny, H. (1980). The soil resource: Origen and behavior. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4612-6112-4

Lawal, B., Tsado, P., Eze, P., Idefoh, K., Zaki, A., & Kolawole, S. (2014). Effect of slope positions on some properties of soils under a Tectona grandis Plantation in Minna, Southern Guinea Savanna of Nigeria. Int J Res Agric For, 1(2), 37-43.

Osman, K. T. (2012). Soils: principles, properties and management: Springer Science & Business Media.

Posadas, A. N., Giménez, D., Bittelli, M., Vaz, C. M., & Flury, M. (2001). Multifractal characterization of soil particle-size distributions. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 65(5), 1361-1367. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2136/sssaj2001.6551361x

Pravin R., V. Dodha, D. Vidya, M. Chkravarty and S. Maity., (2013). Soil bulk density as related to soil texture, organic matter content and available total nutrients of Coimbatore soil. International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications,3: 1-8

Selkhoze Prom, E. (1980). Soil studies in the eastern zone of Libya. Secretariat of Agriculture, Libya

Shaffer, M. (1988). Estimating confidence bands for soil-crop simulation models. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 52(6), 1782-1789. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2136/sssaj1988.03615995005200060048x

Troeh, F. R., & Thompson, L. M. (2005). Soils and soil fertility (Vol. 489): Blackwell Ames.

USDA, (2011). Soil Survey Laboratory In-formation Manual. Rep.45, Version 2.

Verheye, W., & De la Rosa, D. (2005). Mediterranean soils, Encycl. Life Support Syst, 1-26.

White, R. E. (2006). Principles and practice of soil science: the soil as a natural resource: John Wiley & Sons.

Wilding, L. P., & Drees, L. (1983). Spatial variability and pedology. Pedogenesis and soil taxonomy/edited by LP Wilding, NE Smeck, and GF Hall. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0166-2481(08)70599-3

Wu, Q., Borkovec, M., & Sticher, H. (1993). On particle-size distributions in soils. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 57(4), 883-890. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2136/sssaj1993.03615995005700040001x

Published

2019-09-30

How to Cite

Habel أ. ي. ., Aburas م. م. ., & Mohamed س. ف. . (2019). Effect of climate factor on some physical soil properties at Al-Jabal Alakhdar, Libya. Al-Mukhtar Journal of Sciences, 34(3), 181–194. https://doi.org/10.54172/mjsc.v34i3.282

Issue

Section

Research Articles

Categories

Most read articles by the same author(s)

Obs.: This plugin requires at least one statistics/report plugin to be enabled. If your statistics plugins provide more than one metric then please also select a main metric on the admin's site settings page and/or on the journal manager's settings pages.