Fungi Isolated from Cockroach (Periplaneta americana ) Preserved in the Department of Plant Protection Insect Museum

Authors

  • Fathia saeid Hamed Department Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture Omer Al-Mukhtar University, Al-Bayda, Libya
  • Zahra Ibrahim El-Gali Plant Protection Department , Faculty of Agriculture , Omar Al-Mukthar University El- Beida - Libya.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.54172/mjsc.v36i4.578

Keywords:

Fungi, Periplaneta americana, Insect Museum

Abstract

This study was conducted to isolate and identify fungi associated with the cockroach Periplaneta americana L. (Orthroptera: Blattidae) which was taken from the Insect Museum of the Plant Protection Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Omar Al-Mukhtar University, El-Bayda, Libya. Ten insects were collected from insect specimen boxes containing naphthalene crystals. The insects were separated into their parts, legs, wings, antennae, and mouthparts, superficially sterilized, and incubated on PSA nutrient medium. Eight species of fungi were isolated. The identified fungal isolates include Alternaria altemata, Aspergillus niger, A. terreus, Beauvaria sp., Madurella sp., Penicillium verrucosum, P. commune, Penicillum sp. It was carried on parts of the insect’s body, the study also showed that A. niger was the most common fungi isolated with a frequency of 23.8% and the percentage reached 41.7%, followed by A. altemata and P. verrucosum with a frequency of 9.5% and 7.1%, and the percentage was 16.7% and 12.7% for both fungi respectively, and the lowest density was for A. terreus, Beauvaria sp. which reached 8.3%. From this study, it was concluded that the isolated fungi are storage fungi that attack insects preserved in museums, exposing them to damage.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Author Biography

Fathia saeid Hamed, Department Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture Omer Al-Mukhtar University, Al-Bayda, Libya

قسم وقاية النبات، كلية الزراعة، جامعة عمر المختار، البيضاء- ليبيا

References

أحمد، علاء ناصر، وعلي زهير عبد، ونائل سامي جميل. (2015) عزل، وتشخيص بعض الفطريات من حشرة الأرضة Termite (Microcerotermes diversus )) ومقارنة أمراضيتها ببكتيريا Bacillus thuringiensis. مجلة جامعة ذي قار للبحوث الزراعية 4 (2): 359 – 374.

العاني، سؤدد عبدالستار مجيد. (1997). عزل، وتشخيص الفطريات الانتهازية من مستشفيات مركز محافظة البصرة مع دراسة تأثير بعض المطهرات عليها. رسالة ماجستير. كلية العلوم. جامعة البصرة. العراق.

اليوسف، عقيل عدنان. (2008). كفاءة بعض الفطريات في المقاومة الأحيائية لحشرة من الباقلاء الأسود Aphis fabae (Aphididae: Homoptera) Scopol على نبات الباقلاء Vicia fabae. مجلة ميسان للدراسات الأكاديمية 7(13): 69- 78.

باقر, حسين علي. (2018 ). عزل، وتشخيص بعض الفطريات المحمولة خارجياً، وداخلياً من بالغات حشرة الصرصر الأمريكي Periplaneta americana L. (Orthoptera: Blattidae) في محافظة كربلاء المقدسة وإمكانية مكافحتها أحيائياً." مجلة كربلاء للعلوم الزراعية، 5(3): 77-89.

سبتي، علي عبدالمحسن عبادة. (2019). العوامل المؤثرة في المخطوطات، والوثائق، وأساليب وقايتها، وطرائق الحفاظ عليها. مركز ترميم المخطوطات، وصيانتها. العباسية- العراق.

عامر عبد الكريم محمد، و فضيل سالم العوامي .(1999). حصر أنواع الصراصير المنزلية، ودراسة كثافتها العددية في شمال شرق ليبيا. مجلة المختار للعلوم، 6: 69- 80.

علي، محمد فؤاد. (2013). علاج، وصيانة المنسوجات الأثرية. المجلة العربية والترجمة. 538:

Atkinson, T., Koehler, P., & Patterson, R. (1991). Geography of cockroaches in the US. Pest Control, 59(8), 36-40.

Barnett, H., & Hunter, B. (1998). Illustrated marga of imperfect fungi: USA: Prentice-Hall, Inc.

Brown, C. G. (2015). Effective Use of Disinfectant Spray to Combat Fungal Growth on Preserved Insects. American Entomologist, 61(3), 149-150. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/ae/tmv048

Butt, T., & MS, G. (2000). Bioassays of entomogenous fungi, pp. 141-195. In A. Navon and KRS Ascher (eds.). Bioassays of entomopathogenic microbes and nematodes. CAB International, Wallingford UK. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1079/9780851994222.0141

Crook, B., & Burton, N. C. (2010). Indoor moulds, sick building syndrome and building related illness. Fungal Biology Reviews, 24(3-4), 106-113. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fbr.2010.05.001

DeCoursey, J. D., & Webster, A. (1952). Inhibition of Growth of a Mold Quantitated to Demonstrate the Effect in Insect Specimen Boxes. Journal of the New York Entomological Society, 60(3), 183-188.

Elserogy, A., Kanan, G., Hussein, E., & Abd Khreis, S. (2016). Isolation, Characterization and Treatment of Microbial Agents Responsible For the Deterioration of Archaeological Objects in Three Jordanian Museums. Mediterranean Archaeology & Archaeometry, 16(1). 117-126.

Kinfu, A., & Erko, B. (2008). Cockroaches as carriers of human intestinal parasites in two localities in Ethiopia. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 102(11), 1143-1147. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trstmh.2008.05.009

Lacey, L. A., & Brooks, W. M. (1997). Initial handling and diagnosis of diseased insects. In Manual of techniques in insect pathology (pp. 1-VIII). Elsevier. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-012432555-5/50004-X

Lemos, A., Lemos, J., Prado, M., Pimenta, F., Gir, E., Silva, H., & Silva, M. (2006). Cockroaches as carriers of fungi of medical importance. Mycoses, 49(1), 23-25. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0507.2005.01179.x

Ljaljević-Grbić, M., Stupar, M., Vukojević, J., Maričić, I., & Bungur, N. (2013). Molds in museum environments: biodeterioration of art photographs and wooden sculptures. Archives of Biological Sciences, 65(3), 955-962. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2298/ABS1303955G

Mukerji, K., Garg, K., & Mishra, A. (1995). Fungi in deterioration of museum objects. Biodeterioration of cultural property 3: proceedings of the 3rd international conference on biodeterioration of cultural property, July 4-7, 1995, Bangkok, Thailand,

Murali Mohan, C., Lakshmi, K. A., & Devi, K. U. (1999). Laboratory evaluation of the pathogenicity of three isolates of the entomopathogenic fungus Beauveria bassiana (Bals.) Vuillemin on the American cockroach (Periplaneta americana). Biocontrol Science and Technology, 9(1), 29-33. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/09583159929884

Nwankwo, E., Onusiriuka, K., Elesho, B., & Pipi, O. (2015). Isolation and Identification of Some Microbial Pathogens Associated with the External Body Surface of Periplaneta americana in Umuahia, Abia State. International Journal of TROPICAL DISEASE & Health, 1-8. DOI: https://doi.org/10.9734/IJTDH/2016/22891

Samal, D. S., J. Sahu ,H.K. (2014). Isolate of Fungi Associated with Dead Honey Bee Journal of Wildlife Research, 2(4), 31-38.

Samson, R. A., Evans, H. C., & Latgé, J.-P. (1988). Taxonomy of entomopathogenic fungi. In Atlas of entomopathogenic fungi (pp. 5-16). Springer. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-05890-9_2

Sterflinger, K., & Pinzari, F. (2012). The revenge of time: fungal deterioration of cultural heritage with particular reference to books, paper and parchment. Environmental Microbiology, 14(3), 559-566. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1462-2920.2011.02584.x

Sterflinger, K., & Querner, P. (2016). Fungi and insects as deterioration agents in museums-a comparison. Conference in Vienna, Austria 2013,

Wood Lee, M. (1988). Prevention and Treatment of Mold in Library Collections with an Emphasis on Tropical Climates: A Ramp Study.

Published

2021-12-31

How to Cite

Hamed ف. س. ., & El-Gali . ز. ا. . (2021). Fungi Isolated from Cockroach (Periplaneta americana ) Preserved in the Department of Plant Protection Insect Museum. Al-Mukhtar Journal of Sciences, 36(4), 334–341. https://doi.org/10.54172/mjsc.v36i4.578

Issue

Section

Research Articles

Categories

Most read articles by the same author(s)

Obs.: This plugin requires at least one statistics/report plugin to be enabled. If your statistics plugins provide more than one metric then please also select a main metric on the admin's site settings page and/or on the journal manager's settings pages.