Flea Infestations on Domestic Animals in Nafusa Mountain Region, North-West Libya

Authors

  • Waleed Y. M. Aboulqassim Department of Medical Laboratory Technology, Faculty of Applied Sciences Technology, Al-Awatah, Libya
  • Salah Ghana Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science, University of Tripoli, Libya
  • Taher Shaibi Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science, University of Tripoli, Libya

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.54172/mjsc.v37i2.645

Keywords:

Ctenocephalides felis, Siphonaptera, Domestic Animals, Nafusa Mountain, Libya

Abstract

Fleas are ectoparasitic pests on domestic animals and act as vectors of many pathogens to humans. Here, we aim to identify the fleas that parasitize on domestic animals and their seasonality in the Nafusa Mountain region (Gharyan, Zintan, and Nalut). The survey was carried out from summer 2017 to winter 2018/2019. Fleas were collected seasonally from flea-infested animals using a metal comb (11 teeth per cm) and tweezers. One flea species was identified in this survey; Ctenocephalides felis, which was collected from goats, sheep, rabbits, donkeys, hens, cats, and dogs. The highest flea prevalence was among goats (66.49 %), followed by sheep (56.17%), whereas in dogs, donkeys, hens, rabbits, and cats, it represented less than 50.00%. The highest flea intensity was among dogs (4.50 ± 3.04 fleas per dog), while the lowest intensity was among hens (0.87 ± 0.59 fleas per hen). The highest mean flea abundance was among cats (8.00), whereas goats, sheep, donkeys, dogs, and hens represented less than 1.50 fleas per host. Summer and autumn represented the highest intensity followed by spring, but no fleas were collected in winter. The finding of the study indicated that Ct. felis was common among domestic animals. Consequently, it may become a potential source of pathogen transmission among people and animals.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

References

Amin, O. M. (1966). The fleas (Siphonaptera) of Egypt: Distribution and seasonal dynamics of fleas infesting dogs in the Nile valley and delta. Journal of Medical Entomology, 3(3-4), 293-298. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/jmedent/3.3-4.293

Araujo, F., Silva, M., Lopes, A., Ribeiro, O., Pires, P., Carvalho, C., . . . Ramos, J. (1998). Severe cat flea infestation of dairy calves in Brazil. Veterinary Parasitology, 80(1), 83-86. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0304-4017(98)00181-2

Belgasm, W. Y. M., Shaibi, T., & Ghana, S. (2022). Flea infestation on small wild mammals in Gharyan, Northwest Libya. Open Veterinary Journal, 12(1), 17-22. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5455/OVJ.2022.v12.i1.3

Brinkerhoff, R. J., Kabeya, H., Inoue, K., Bai, Y., & Maruyama, S. (2010). Detection of multiple Bartonella species in digestive and reproductive tissues of fleas collected from sympatric mammals. The ISME Journal, 4, 955- 958. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/ismej.2010.22

Dobler, G., & Pfeffer, M. (2011). Fleas as parasites of the family Canidae. Parasit Vectors, 4(139), 6-12. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/1756-3305-4-139

Elsaid, M. M. A., El-Arifi, E. O., & El-Buni, A. A. (2013). The prevalence of ectoparasites on sheep and goats at El Khoms region, Libya. Journal of American Science, 9, 359-363.

Ford, P. L., Fagerlund, R. A., Duszynski, D. W., & Polechla, P. J. (2004). Fleas and Lice of Mammals in New Mexico. Natural Resources Research Center, 57, 1-57. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2737/RMRS-GTR-123

Kaal, J., Baker, K., & Torgerson, P. (2006). Epidemiology of flea infestation of ruminants in Libya. Veterinary Parasitology, 141(3), 313-318. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vetpar.2006.05.034

Krämer, F., & Mencke, N. (2001). Flea biology and control: The biology of the cat flea control and prevention with imidacloprid in small animals. Berlin Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-56609-7

Kusiluka, L., Kambarage, D., Matthewman, R., Daborn, C., & Harrison, L. (1995). Prevalence of ectoparasites of goats in Tanzania. Journal of Applied Animal Research, 7(1), 69-74. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/09712119.1995.9706052

McCrindle, C., Green, E., & Bryson, N. (1999). A primary animal health care approach to treatment and control of flea (Ctenocephalides felis) infestation in indigenous goats kept on communal grazing: research communication. Journal of the South African Veterinary Association, 70(1), 21-24.

Rolain, J. M., Franc, M., Davoust, B., & Raoult, D. (2003). Molecular detection of Bartonella quintana, B. koehlerae, B. henselae, B. clarridgeiae, Rickettsia felis, and Wolbachia pipientis in cat fleas, France. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 9(3), 338- 342. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3201/eid0903.020278

Smart, J. (1956). A handbook for the identification of insects of medical importance (3 ed.). Oxford: The British Museum (Natural History).

Smit, F. G. A. M. (1957). Handbooks for the identification of British insects, Vol. 1. London: Royal Entomological Society of London.

Wedincamp, J. J., & Foil, L. D. (2002). Vertical transmission of Rickettsia felis in the cat flea (Ctenocephalides felis Bouché). Journal of Vector Ecology, 27 (1), 96-101.

Yeruham, I., Rosen, S., & Braverman, Y. (1996). Ctenocephalides felis flea infestation in horses. Veterinary Parasitology, 62(3-4), 341-343. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/0304-4017(95)00889-6

Yin, J. X., Geater, A., Chongsuvivatwong, V., Dong, X. Q., Du, C. H., & Zhong, Y. H. (2011). Predictors for abundance of host flea and floor flea in households of villages with endemic commensal rodent plague, Yunnan Province, China. PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases, 5(3), e997. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0000997

Downloads

Published

2022-06-30

How to Cite

Aboulqassim , W. Y. M., Ghana, S., & Shaibi, T. (2022). Flea Infestations on Domestic Animals in Nafusa Mountain Region, North-West Libya. Al-Mukhtar Journal of Sciences, 37(2), 162–167. https://doi.org/10.54172/mjsc.v37i2.645

Issue

Section

Research Articles

Categories