Prevalence of intestinal parasites among primary school children in Al-Qubbah city -Libya.
Keywords:Intestinal parasites, School children, Risk factors, Libya
This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of intestinal parasitic infections among the primary school children and to assess the clinical features and risk factors related to the infection. A cross-sectional study was performed, and a total of 156 primary school children aged from 7 – 12 years were randomly selected from (3) primary schools in Al-Qubbah city during the period from November 2017 to February 2018. Each child was requested to provide one stool sample, and data collection was carried out by giving an Administered Questionnaire Form to the parents of children included inquiries about socio-demographic environmental conditions and behavioral sanitary habits. Each stool sample was examined three times directly, stained with Lugol's iodine, and after flotation technique by using a concentrated salt solution. The results showed that 30.8 % of the children were infected with intestinal parasites. These parasites were A. lumbricoides (70.9%) Entamoeba coli (12.5%) Blastocystis hominis (8.3%) Hymenolepis nana, Taenia spp, Giardia lamblia (4.2%). Statistical analysis using Chi-square (P= 0.05) shows significant differences between direct methods and concentration method to conclude that the prevalence of intestinal parasitic infections was high among school children, especially males and younger children, making this health problem a continuous one in the society in the absence of early diagnosis, effective treatment, and health education.
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