Biodiversity, Abundance and Seasonal Fluctuation of Ground Beetles on Massa Region

Authors

  • Eman M A. Belhassan Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science, Omar AL-Mukthar University, Al-Bayda- Libya
  • Ali A. Bataw Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science, Omar AL-Mukthar University, Al-Bayda- Libya
  • Mansour Salem A. Attia Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science, Omar AL-Mukthar University, Al-Bayda- Libya

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.54172/mjsc.v33i4.296

Keywords:

Ground beetle, Biodiversity, Abundance, seasonal fluctuation

Abstract

The present study was carried out to investigate the biodiversity, abundance and seasonal fluctuation of ground beetles on Massa region from June 2015 to October 2016. The beetles were collected using 20 pitfall traps which were operated on a weekly basis, a total of 2867 specimen representing two families Carabidiae and Tenbrionidae and 10 genera (Blaps polychresta, Zophosis punctata, Pimelia interpunctata, Blaps nitens, Adesmia dilatata, Scaurus vicinus, Tentyria cyrenaica, Laemostenus complanatus, Ditomus cilpeatun and Akis costitubera were recorded. Overall diversity was 81% and 83% Simpson's scale and Shannon's scale respectively. The highest index; 0.116841 (Simpson's index) and   0.36693 (Shannon's index) was found in species Z.  punctata. Results showed the influence of temperature on A. costitubera,  B.  polychresta and  D. cilpeatun with the A. costitubera  being a better predictor,  addition to constant of  A. costitubera  Beta =0.818 ; constant of A. costitubera and  B.  polychresta Beta = 0.625 and 0.53 and  constant of A. costitubera , B. polychresta and D. cilpeatun  Beta = 0.629 , 0.335 and 0.191. The results concluded the importance of using ecological indexes in studying the abundance and seasonality of ground beetles fluctuated during different seasons.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

References

Aldryhim, Y. N., Mills, C., & Aldawood, A. (1992). Ecological distribution and seasonality of darkling beetles (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae) in the central region of Saudi Arabia. Journal of arid environments, 23, 415-415. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-1963(18)30614-1

Brussaard, L. (1997). Biodiversity and ecosystem functioning in soil. Ambio, 563-570.

Colombini, I., Fallaci, M., & Chelazzi, L. (2005). Micro-scale distribution of some arthropods inhabiting a Mediterranean sandy beach in relation to environmental parameters. Acta Oecologica, 28(3), 249-265. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.actao.2005.05.006

Darilmaz, M. C., & Ahmed, Z. (2009). A new record for the fauna of Pakistan: Hydaticus leander (Rossi, 1790)(Coleoptera: Dytiscidae). Turkish Journal of Zoology, 33(1), 105-106.

Den Boer, P. (1986). What can carabid beetles tell us about dynamics of populations. Carabid Beetles. Their Adaptions and Dynamics. Gustav Fischer, Stuttgart, New York.

Gardner, S. M. (1991). Ground beetle (Coleoptera: Carabidae) communities on upland heath and their association with heathland flora. Journal of Biogeography, 281-289. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2307/2845398

Henschel, J., Mtuleni, V., Pallett, J., & Seely, M. K. (2003). The surface-dwelling arthropod fauna of Gobabeb with a description of the long-term pitfall trapping project. Journal of the Namibia Scientific Society, 51, 65-92.

Henschel, J. R., Grohmann, C., Siteketa, V., & Linsenmair, K. E. (2010). Monitoring tenebrionid beetle biodiversity in Namibia.

Kalshoven, L. (1981). The Pests of Crops in Indonesia. van der Laan PA (Rev. & trans.) Rotschild GHL (Asssist.) PT Ichtiar Baru–van Hoeve: Jakarta.

Koivula, M. J. (2011). Useful model organisms, indicators, or both? Ground beetles (Coleoptera, Carabidae) reflecting environmental conditions. ZooKeys(100), 287. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.100.1533

Luff, M. (1990). Spatial and temporal stability of Carabid communities in a grass/arable mosaic. The Role of Ground Beetles.

Rafi, M. A., Jürgen, W., Matin, M. A., Zia, A., Sultan, A., & Naz, F. (2010). Faunistics of tiger beetles (Coleoptera: Cicindelidae) from Pakistan. Journal of Insect Science, 10(1). DOI: https://doi.org/10.1673/031.010.11601

Saji, A., & Al Dhaheri, S. (2011). Ecological distribution and seasonality of darkling beetles (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae) in the western region of Abu Dhabi, UAE. Middle-East J. Sci. Res, 9(6), 704-710.

Seastedt, T., & Crossley Jr, D. (1983). Nutrients in forest litter treated with naphthalene and simulated throughfall: a field microcosm study. Soil Biol. Biochem, 15(2), 159-165. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/0038-0717(83)90097-4

Simpson, E. H. (1949). Measurement of diversity. nature. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/163688a0

Stork, N. E. (1990). The role of ground beetles in ecological and environmental studies: Intercept.

Sultan, A., Borowiec, L., Rafi, M., Ilyas, M., Naz, F., & Shehzad, A. (2008). Tortoise beetles of Rawalpindi–Islamabad, Pakistan and their host preferences (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae: Cassidinae). Genus, 19(1), 93-102.

Downloads

Published

2018-12-31

How to Cite

Belhassan, E. M. A. ., Bataw, A. A. ., & Attia , M. S. A. . (2018). Biodiversity, Abundance and Seasonal Fluctuation of Ground Beetles on Massa Region. Al-Mukhtar Journal of Sciences, 33(4), 281–289. https://doi.org/10.54172/mjsc.v33i4.296

Issue

Section

Research Articles

Categories

Most read articles by the same author(s)

Obs.: This plugin requires at least one statistics/report plugin to be enabled. If your statistics plugins provide more than one metric then please also select a main metric on the admin's site settings page and/or on the journal manager's settings pages.